DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY 95, 1-18 (1983)
Neural Cell Types Surviving Congenital Sensory Deprivation in the Optic Lobes of Drosophila melanogaster
K. F. FISCHBACH
Institut für Genetik und Mikrobiologie der Universität Röntgenring 11, 8700 Würzburg, Germany
Received May 3, 1982; accepted in revised form July 23, 1982
Golgi staining of neuronal cell types in the optic lobe rudiments of adult eyeless flies of the sine oculis (so) mutant of Drosophila melanogaster reveals partial independence of optic lobe's development from compound eye formation.
(1) Differentiation and maintenance of many neuronal cell types of medulla and lobular complex do not require innervation of the medulla from the retina and the lamina. Neurons derived from the outer and inner optic anlage have been found in adult eyeless flies.
(2) The rudiments of ipsilateral medulla, lobula, and lobular plate are isotopically connected with each other.
(3) Stratification of the lobular complex is retained.
(4) Equivalent parts of the dorsal lobulae are connected by heterolateral small field neurons.
(5) The shapes of many tangential neurons of the medulla show sprouting and compensatory innervation of the lobular complex. The basic results reported here for eyeless flies have many parallels in what is known about anophthalmic mice.
Comment added in 1995
It has been quite instructive to see this paper mostly cited as showing that optic lobe development is dependent on retinal innervation. The intention of the paper, however, was not to reinforce this well established point (see e.g. Power, J. exp. Zoology 94, 33-71; 1943), it rather showed that optic lobe development has some features that are independent of retinal innervation, e.g. isotopic connections betweeen medulla and lobula complex.
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